Technical Report: Ramsey, Andree L., Furey, Heather H., Bower, Amy S., “Overturning of the Subpolar North Atlantic Program (OSNAP): RAFOS Float Data Report June 2014 – January 2019”, 2020-12, DOI:10.1575/1912/26515,


  • Almansi, M., T.W.N. Haine, R. Gelderhoos, and R.S. Pickart, 2020. Evolution of Denmark Strait overflow cyclones and their relationship to overflow surges. Geophysical Research Letters, submitted.
  • de Jong M. F., L. de Steur, N. Fried, R. Bol, and S. Kritsotalakis, 2020. Year‐Round Measurements of the Irminger Current: Variability of a Two‐Core Current System Observed in 2014–2016. JGR Oceans,
  • Holliday, N.P., M. Bersch, B. Berx, L. Chafik, S.E. Cunningham, C. Florindo-López, H. Hátún, W. Johns, S.A. Josey, K.M.H Larsen, S. Mulet, M. Oltmanns, G. Reverdin, T. Rossby, V. Thierry, H. Valdimarsson, I. Yashayaev,  2020. Ocean circulation causes the largest freshening event for 120 years in eastern subpolar North Atlantic. Nature Communications, 11 (1), 585.
  • Huang, J., R. S. Pickart, R. X. Huang, P. Lin, A. Brakstad, and F. Xu, 2020. Sources and upstream pathways of the densest overflow in the Nordic Seas. Nature Communications, submitted.
  • Huthnance, J.M., Inall, M.E., Fraser, N.J., 2020, Oceanic density/pressure gradients and slope currents. Journal of Physical Oceanography, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-19-0134.1
  • Johnson, C., M. Inall, S. Gary and S. Cunningham, 2020. Significance of climate indices to benthic conditions across the northern North Atlantic and adjacent shelf seas, Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.00002.
  • Le Bras, I. A.‐A. F. Straneo, J. Holte, M.F. Jong, and N.P. Holliday,  2020. Rapid export of waters formed by convection near the Irminger Sea’s western boundary. Geophysical Research Letters, 47 (3), e2019GL085989.
  • Mackay, N., Wilson, C., Holliday, N.P., Zika, J.D., 2020. The observation-based application of a Regional Thermohaline Inverse Method to diagnose the formation and transformation of water masses north of the OSNAP array from 2013-2015. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 50, 1533-1555, doi:
  • Semper, S., R.S. Pickart, K. Våge, K.M. Larsen, H. Hatun, and B. Hansen, 2020. The Iceland-Faroe Slope Jet: A conduit for dense water toward the Faroe Bank Channel overflow. Nature Geoscience, submitted.
  • Zou, S., M.S. Lozier, F. Li, R. Abernathey, and L. Jackson, 2020. Density-compensated overturning in the Labrador Sea. Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/s41561-019-0517-1.     


  • Benetti, M. G. Reverdin, J.S. Clarke, E. Tynan, N.P. Holliday, S. Torres‐Valdes, P. Lherminier, I. Yashayaev, 2019. Sources and distribution of fresh water around Cape Farewell in 2014. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 124, 9404–9416.
  • Bower, A., S. Lozier, A. Biastoch, K. Drouin, N. Foukal, H. Furey, M. Lankhorst, S. Rühs, and S. Zou, 2019. Lagrangian Views of the Pathways of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans,
  • Frajka-Williams E., I.J. Ansorge, J. Baehr, H.L Bryden, M. Paz Chidichimo, S.A. Cunningham, G. Danabasoglu, S. Dong, K.A. Donohue, S. Elipot, N.P. Holliday, R. Hummels, L.C Jackson, J. Karstensen, M. Lankhorst, I. Le Bras, M.S. Lozier, E.L McDonagh, C.S. Meinen, H. Mercier, B.I. Moat, R.C. Perez, C.G. Piecuch, M. Rhein, M. Srokosz, K.E. Trenberth, S. Bacon, G. Forget, G. J. Goni, P. Heimbach, D. Kieke, J. Koelling, T. Lamont, G. McCarthy, C. Mertens, U. Send, D.A. Smeed, M. van den Berg, D. Volkov, C. Wilson, 2019. Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: observed transport and variability.  Frontiers in Marine Science, Ocean Observations, 6:260,
  • González-Pola, C., P. Fratantoni, K.M.H. Larsen, N.P. Holliday, S. Dye, K. Mork, A. Kjell, A. Beszczynska-Möller, H. Valdimarsson, A. Trofimov, P. Alexander, K. Hjalte, B Holger, A. Fontán, K. Lyons, N. Kolodziejczyk, R. Graña,  J. Linders, T. Wodzinowski,  I. Goszczko, C. Cusack, . 2019 The ICES Working Group on Oceanic Hydrography: A Bridge From In-situ Sampling to the Remote Autonomous Observation Era. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6
  • Hopkins, J.E. , N.P. Holliday, S. Bacon, D. Rayner, L. Houpert, I. Le Bras, F. Straneo and C. Wilson, 2019. Transport variability of the Irminger Sea Deep Western Boundary Current from a mooring array. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124, 3246–3278.
  • Huang, J. R.S. Pickart, H. Valdimarsson, P. Lin, M.A. Spall, and F. Xu, 2019. Structure and Variability of the North Icelandic Jet from two years of mooring data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 124, 2019JC015134.
  • Kostov, Y., Johnson, H.L., Marshall, D.P., 2019. AMOC sensitivity to surface buoyancy fluxes: the role of air-sea feedback mechanisms. Climate Dynamics. doi:
  • Li, F., M.S. Lozier, G. Danabasoglu, N.P. Holliday, Y.-O. Kwon, A. Romanou, S.G. Yeager, R. Zhang and 2019. Local and downstream relationships between Labrador Sea Water volume and North Atlantic Meridional overturning circulation variability, J. Climate, 32, 3883-3898, dos: 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0735.1.
  • Lozier, M.S., F. Li, S. Bacon, F. Bahr, A.S. Bower, S.A. Cunningham, M.F. de Jong, L. de Steur, B. deYoung, J. Fischer, S.F. Gary, B.J.W. Greenan, N.P. Holliday, A. Houk, L. Houpert, M.E. Inall, W.E. Johns, H.L. Johnson, C. Johnson, J. Karstensen, G. Koman, I.A. Le Bras, X. Lin, N. Mackay, D.P. Marshall, H. Mercier, M. Oltmanns, R.S. Pickart, A.L. Ramsey, D. Rayner, F. Straneo, V. Thierry, D.J. Torres, R.G. Williams, C. Wilson, J. Yang, I. Yashayaev, and J. Zhao, 2019. A sea change in our view of overturning in the subpolar North Atlantic. Science, 363, 516-521, doi: 10.1126/science.aau6592.
  • Moat, B.. Sinha, S.A. Josey, J. Robson, P. Ortega, F. Sévellec, N.P. Holliday, G.D. McCarthy, A.L. New, J.J.-M. Hirschi. 2019. New insights into decadal North Atlantic sea surface temperature and ocean heat content variability from a high-resolution coupled climate model, Journal of Climate. 32 (18) 6137-6161.
  • Pérez-Hernández, D.M., R.S. Pickart, D.J. Torres, F. Bahr, A. Beszczynska-Möller, A. H.H. Renner, W-J. von Appen, 2019. Structure, transport and seasonality of the Atlantic Water Boundary Current north of Svalbard: Results from a year-long mooring array. Journal of Geophysical Research, 124.
  • Semper, S., K. Våge, R.S. Pickart, H. Valdimarsson, D.J. Torres, and S. Jonsson, 2019. The emergence of the North Icelandic Jet and its evolution from northeast Iceland to Denmark Strait. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 2499-2521, 40, DOI: 10.1175/JPO-D-19-0088.1.
  • Spall, M., R. S. Pickart, P. Lin, A. Wilken-Jon von, D. Mastrople, H. Valdimarsoon, T. W. N. Haine, and M. Almansi, 2019. Frontogenesis and variability in Denmark Strait and its influence on overflow water. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 49, 1889-1904.
  • Zou, S., M.S. Lozier, and M. Buckley, 2019. How is meridional coherence maintained in the lower limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation? Geophysical Research Letters,


  • Gary, S., S. Cunningham, C. Johnson, L. Houpert, P. Holliday, E. Behrens, A. Biastoch, and C. Boning, 2018. Seasonal cycles of oceanic transports in the eastern subpolar North Atlantic, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123, doi: 10.1002/2017JC013350.
  • Holliday, N.P., S. Bacon, S.A. Cunningham, S.F. Gary, J. Karstensen, B.A. King, F. Li, and E.L. McDonagh, 2018. Subpolar North Atlantic Overturning and Gyre-scale Circulation in the Summers of 2014 and 2016. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123, doi: 10.1029/2018JC013841.
  • Houpert, L., M.E. Inall, E. Dumont, S. Gary, C. Johnson, M. Porter, W.E. Johns, and S.A. Cunningham, 2018Structure and transport of the north atlantic current in the Eastern Subpolar Gyre from sustained glider observationsJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans123, 6019–6038.
  • Le Bras, I. A.-A., F. Straneo, J. Holte, and N.P. Holliday, 2018. Seasonality of freshwater in the East Greenland Current system from 2014 to 2016. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123, 8828–8848.
  • Li, F. and M.S. Lozier, 2018. On the linkage between Labrador Sea Water volume and overturning circulation in the Labrador Sea: a case study on proxies.  Journal of Climate, 315225–5241, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0692.1.
  • Liu, Y., C. Wilson, M.A. Green, and C.W. Hughes, 2018. Gulf Stream Transport and Mixing Processes via Coherent Structure Dynamics. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 241, 95. doi:
  • Mackay, N., C. Wilson, J. Zika, and N.P. Holliday, 2018. A Regional Thermohaline Inverse Method for Estimating Circulation and Mixing in the Arctic and subpolar North Atlantic. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology.
  • Pillar, H. R., H.L. Johnson, D.P. Marshall, P. Heimbach, and S. Takao, 2018. Impacts of Atmospheric Reanalysis Uncertainty on AMOC Estimates at 25N. Journal of Climate, 31, 8719-8744.
  • Zhao, J., A. Bower, J. Yang, X. Lin, N.P. Holliday, 2018. Meridional heat transport variability induced by mesoscale processes in the subpolar North Atlantic, Nature Communications, 9:1124, doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03134-x 


  • Benetti, M., G. Reverdin, I. Yashayaev, N.P. Holliday, E. Tynan, S. Torres-Valdes, P. Lherminier, P. Treguer, G. Sarthou, and C. Lique, 2017. Composition of freshwater in the spring 2014 on the southern Labrador shelf and slope. Journal of Geophysical Research, doi: 10.1002/2016JC012244.
  • Bower, A., and H. Furey, 2017. Iceland-Scotland overflow water transport variability through the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone and the impact of the North Atlantic Current. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, doi:10.1002/2017JC012698.
  • Doddridge, E. W., D. P. Marshall, and A. McC. Hogg, 2016. Eddy cancellation of the Ekman cell in subtropical gyres. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46, 2995-3010.
  • Ferrari, R., L.-P. Nadeau, D.P. Marshall, L .C. Allison, and H.L. Johnson, 2017: A model of the ocean overturning circulation with two closed basins and a re-entrant channel. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 47, 2887-2906.
  • * Foukal, N.P., and M.S. Lozier, 2017. Assessing variability in the size and strength of the North Atlantic subpolar gyre. Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans, 122(8), doi: 10.1002/2017JC012798
  • Le Bras, I.A., I. Yashayaev, and J.M. Toole, 2017. Tracking Labrador Sea Water property signals along the Deep Western Boundary Current. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, 5348–5366, doi: 10.1002/2017JC012921.
  • Johnson, C., T. Sherwin,. S. Cunningham, E. Dumont, L. Houpert, and N. Holliday, 2017. Transports and pathways of overflow water in the Rockall Trough, Deep Sea Research I, 122, 48-59, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2017.02.004
  • * Li, F., M.S. Lozier and W. Johns, 2017. Calculating the meridional volume, heat and freshwater transports from an observing system in the subpolar North Atlantic: Observing system simulation experiment. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 34, 1483-1500, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-16-0247.1
  • * Lozier, M.S., S. Bacon, A.S. Bower, S.A. Cunningham, M.F. de Jong, L. de Steur, B. deYoung, J. Fischer, S.F. Gary, B.J.W. Greenan, P. Heimbach, N.P. Holliday, L. Houpert, M.E. Inall, W.E. Johns, H.L. Johnson, J. Karstensen, F. Li, X. Lin, N. Mackay, D. P. Marshall, H. Mercier, P.G. Myers, R. S. Pickart, H.R. Pillar, F. Straneo, V. Thierry, R.A. Weller, R.G. Williams, C. Wilson, J. Yang, J. Zhao, and J.D. Zika, 2017. Overturning in the Subpolar North Atlantic Program: a new international ocean observing system. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98, 737-752, doi:
  • Marshall, D.P., and H. L. Johnson, 2017. Relative strength of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Tellus A, 69, 1338884.
  • Piron A., V. Thierry, H. Mercier and G. Caniaux, 2017. Gyre scale deep convection in the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean during winter 2014-2015. Geophysical Research Letters. 44(3), 1439–1447, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071895
  • Yashayaev, I., and J.W. Loder, 2017. Further intensi?cation of deep convection in the Labrador Sea in 2016. Geophysical Research Letters44, 1429–1438, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071668.
  • Zantopp, R., J. Fischer, M. Visbeck, and J. Karstensen, 2017. From interannual to decadal: 17 years of boundary current transports at the exit of the Labrador Sea, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JC012271.
  • * Zou, S., M.S. Lozier, W. Zenk, A. Bower, W. Johns, 2017. Observed and modeled pathways of the Iceland Scotland Overflow Water in the eastern North Atlantic, Progress in Oceanography159 (221-222), doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2017.10.003


  • Brown, P.T., M.S. Lozier, R. Zhang and W. Li, 2016. The necessity of cloud feedback for a basin-scale Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1002/2016GL068303.
  • Daniault, N., H. Mercier, P. Lherminier, A. Sarafanov, A. Falina, P. Zunino Rodriguez, F. Fernandez Pérez, A.F. Rios, B. Ferron, T. Huck, V. Thierry, and S. Gladyshev, 2016. The northern North Atlantic Ocean mean circulation in the early 21sr century. Progress in Oceanography, 146, 142-158. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2016.06.007.
  • * de Jong, M. F., and Steur, 2016. Strong winter cooling over the Irminger Sea in winter 2014-2015, exceptional deep convection, and the emergence of anomalously low SST. Geophysical Research Letters, 42,7106–7113, doi:10.1002/2016GL069596.
  • *Foukal, N.P. and M.S. Lozier, 2016.  No intergyre pathway for sea-surface temperature anomalies in the North Atlantic.  Nature Communication, 7:11333, doi: 10.1038/ncomms11333
  • Pillar, H., Heimbach, P., Johnson, H. and Marshall, D., 2016. Dynamical attribution of recent variability in Atlantic overturning, Journal of Climate, 29, 3339-3352, 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0727.1
  • Smith, J.N., W.M. Smethie Jr., I. Yashayev, R. Curry, and K. Azetsu-Scott, 2016. Time series measurements of transient tracers and tracer-derived transport in the Deep Western Boundary Current between the Labrador Sea and the subtropical Atlantic Ocean at Line W, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JC011759
  • Yashayaev, I., and J. W. Loder, 2016. Recurrent replenishment of Labrador Sea Water and associated decadal-scale variability, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121, 80958114, doi:10.1002/2016JC012046.
  • *Zou, S., and M.S. Lozier, 2016. Breaking the linkage between Labrador Sea Water production and its advective export to the subtropical gyre. Journal of Physical Oceanography, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0210.1


  • Holliday, N. P., S.A. Cunningham, C. Johnson, S. Gary, C. Griffiths, J. F. Read, and T. Sherwin, 2015. Multi-decadal variability of potential temperature, salinity and transport in the eastern subpolar North Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res. – Oceans, 10.1002/2015JC010762.
  • Kieke, D., and I. Yashayaev, 2015. Studies of Labrador Sea Water formation and variability in the subpolar North Atlantic in the light of international partnership and cooperation, Progr. Oceanogr., 132, 220-232, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2014.12.010.
  • Loder, J.W., A. van der Baaren and I. Yashayaev, 2015. Climate comparisons and change projections for the Northwest Atlantic from six CMIP5 models. Atmosphere-Ocean, 53, 529-555, doi:10.1080/07055900.2015.1087836
  • Loder, J.W., and Z. Wang, 2015. Trends and variability of sea surface temperature in the Northwest Atlantic from three historical gridded datasets. Atmosphere-Ocean, 53, 510-528. doi:10.1080/07055900.2015.1071237
  • Marzocchi, A., J. Hirschi, J.-M, N. P. Holliday, S. A. Cunningham, A. T. Blaker, and A. C. Coward, 2015. The North Atlantic subpolar circulation in an eddy-resolving global ocean model, Journal of Marine Systems, 142, 126-143, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.10.007.
  • Moore, G.W.K., K. Våge, R.S. Pickart, and I.A. Renfrew, 2015.  Decreasing intensity of open-ocean convection in the Greenland and Iceland seas. Nature Climate Change, 5, 877-882, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2688.
  • Sherwin, T. J., D.L. Aleynik, M.E. Inall,  & E. Dumont, 2015. Deep drivers of mesoscale circulation in the central Rockall Trough. Ocean Science, doi:10.5194/os-11-343-2015 
  • Williams, R.G., V. Roussenov, M.S. Lozier, D. Smith, 2015. Mechanisms of heat content and thermocline change in the subtropical and subpolar North Atlantic, Journal of Climate, 28, 9803:9815. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0097.1
  • Yamamoto, A., J.B. Palter, M.S. Lozier, M.S. Bourqui and S.L. Leadbetter, 2015.  Ocean versus atmosphere control on western European temperature variability, Ocean Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2558-5.
  • Yashayaev, I., and D. Seidov, 2015. The role of Atlantic Water in multi-decadal ocean variability in the Barents and Nordic Seas. Progress in Oceanography, 21, 68-127, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2014.11.009
  • Yashayaev, I., D. Seidov and E. Demirov, 2015. A new collective view of oceanography of the Arctic and North Atlantic basins, Progr., Oceanogr. 21, 1-21. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2014.12.012


  • Barrier, Nicolas, Christophe Cassou, Julie Deshayes, and Anne-Marie Treguier, 2014. Response of North Atlantic Ocean Circulation to Atmospheric Weather Regimes. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, 179–201. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-12-0217.1
  • Born, Andreas, and Thomas F. Stocker, 2014. Two Stable Equilibria of the Atlantic Subpolar Gyre. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, 246–264. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-13-073.1
  • Burkholder and M.S. Lozier, 2014. Tracing pathways of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation’s upper limb. Geophysical Research Letter, 41, 4254-4260, doi10.1002/2014GL060226
  • Chafik, L., T. Rossby, and C. Schrum, 2014. On the spatial structure and temporal variability of poleward transport between Scotland and Greenland. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans. doi: 10.1002/2013JC009287
  • Fischer, J., J. Karstensen, R. Zantopp, M. Visbeck, A. Biastoch, E. Behrens, C.W. Böning, D. Quadfasel, K. Jochumsen, H. Valdimarsson, S. Jónsson, S. Bacon, N.P. Holliday, S. Dye, M. Rhein, C. Mertens, 2014.  Intra-seasonal variability of the DWBC in the western subpolar North Atlantic. Progress in Oceanography. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2014.04.002
  • Harden, B.E., R.S. Pickart, and I.A. Renfrew, 2014.  Offshore transport of dense water from the East Greenland shelf.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, 229-245. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-12-0218.1
  • Moore, G.W.K., R.S. Pickart, I.A. Renfrew, and K. Våge, 2014. What causes the location of the air-sea heat flux maximum over the Labrador Sea? Geophysical Research Letter, 41, 3628-3635. doi: 10.1002/2014GL059940
  • Schloesser, F., R. Furue, J.P. McCreary, and A. Timmermann, 2014. Dynamics of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Part 2: Forcing by winds and buoyancy. Progress in Oceanography, 120, 154-176. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2013.08.007
  • Sévelleca, F. and A.V. Fedorov, 2014. Optimal excitation of AMOC decadal variability: links to the subpolar ocean. Progress in Oceanography, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2014.02.006
  • von Appen, W-J., R.S. Pickart, K.H. Brink, T.W.H. Haine, 2014. Water column structure and statistics of Denmark Strait Overflow Water cyclones. Deep Sea Research I, 84,110-126. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2013.10.007
  • von Appen, W-J., I.M. Koszalka, R.S. Pickart, T.W.N. Haine, D. Mastropole, M.G. Magaldi, H. Valdimarsson, J. Girton, K. Jochumsen, and G. Krahmann, 2014. The East Greenland Spill Jet as an important component of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Deep Sea Research I, 92, 75-84. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2014.06.002
  • Wang, Z., Y. Lu, F. Dupont, J.W. Loder, C. Hannah and D.G. Wright, 2015. Variability of sea surface height and circulation in the North Atlantic: Forcing mechanisms and linkages. Progress in Oceanography, 132, 273-286, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2013.11.004
  • Williams, R.G., V. Roussenov, D. Smith, and M.S. Lozier, 2014. Decadal evolution of ocean thermal anomalies in the North Atlantic: the effects of Ekman, overturning, and horizontal transport. Journal of Climate, 27, 2, 698-719. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00234.1.
  • Yashayaev, I., E.J.H. Head, K. Azetsu-Scott, M. Ringuette, Z. Wang, J. Anning, and S. Punschon, 2014. Environmental conditions in the Labrador Sea during 2013, DFO Canadian Science Advisory Document (CSAS) Research Doc, 105, 35.


  • Cunningham, S. A., C. D. Roberts, E. Frajka-Williams, W. E. Johns, W. Hobbs, M. Palmer, D. Rayner, D. A. Smeed, and G. McCarthey (2013), Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation slowdown causes widespread cooling in the Atlantic, Geophys. Res. Letters, 40, 6202-6207, doi:6210.1002/2013GL058464.
  • Johnson, C., M. Inall, and S. Häkkinen, 2013. Declining nutrient concentrations in the northeast Atlantic as a result of a weakening Subpolar Gyre, Deep Sea Research I, 82, 95-107.
  • Lozier, M.S., S.F. Gary, and A.S. Bower, 2013.  Simulated pathways of the overflow waters in the North Atlantic: subpolar to subtropical export. Deep Sea Research II, 85, 147–153.
  • Moore, G.W.K, I.A. Renfrew, and R.S. Pickart, 2013. Multi-decadal Mobility of the North Atlantic Oscillation. Journal of Climate, 26, 2453-2466, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00023.1
  • Sévellec, F., J. J.-M. Hirschi, and A.T. Blaker, 2013. On the Near-Inertial Resonance of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Journal Physical Oceanography, 43, 2661–2672. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-13-092.1
  • Våge, K., R.S. Pickart, M.A. Spall, G.W.K. Moore, H. Valdimarsson, D.J. Torres, S.Y. Erofeeva, and J.E.O. Nilsen, 2013. Revised circulation scheme north of the Denmark Strait. Deep Sea Research I, 79, 20-39, doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2013.05.007
  • Xu X.,H.E. Hurlburt, W. J. Schmitz Jr., R. Zantopp, J. Fischer, and P. J. Hogan, 2013. On the currents and transports connected with the atlantic meridional overturning circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1, 502–516. doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20065


  • Gary, S.F., M.S. Lozier, A. Biastoch, and C.W. Böning, 2012.  Reconciling tracer and float observations of the export pathways of Labrador Sea Water, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L24606. doi: 10.1029/2012GL053978
  • Lozier, M.S., 2012.  Overturning in the North Atlantic.  Annual Review of Marine Science, 4, 291-315.
  • Srokosz, M., M. Baringer, H. Bryden, S. Cunningham, T. Delworth, S. Lozier, J. Marotzke and R. Sutton, 2012.  Past, present and future change in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.93, 1663–1676.  doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00151.1.


  • Bower, A.S., M.S. Lozier, and S.F. Gary, 2011.  The export of Labrador Sea Water from the subpolar North Atlantic: a Lagrangian perspective.  Deep Sea Research, 58, 1798-1818. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.060
  • Burkholder, K.C. and M. S. Lozier, 2011.  Subtropical to subpolar pathways in the North Atlantic.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, C07017. doi: 10.1029/2010JC006697
  • Gary, S.F., M.S. Lozier, C. Böning, and A. Biastoch, 2011.  Deciphering the pathways for the deep limb of the Meridional Overturning Circulation.  Deep Sea Research, 58, 1781-1797. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.059
  • Rypina, I.I., L.J. Pratt, and M.S. Lozier, 2011.  Near-surface transport pathways in the North Atlantic ocean:  looking for throughput from the subtropical to the subpolar gyre, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41 (5), 911-925.


  • Lozier, M.S., 2010.  Deconstructing the Conveyor Belt.  Science, 328, 1507–1511. doi: 10.1126/science.1189250
  • Lozier, M.S., V. Roussenov, Mark S.C. Reed, and R.G. Williams, 2010. Opposing decadal changes for the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Nature Geosciences, 3, 728-734. doi: 10.1038/ngeo947


  • Bower, A.S., M.S. Lozier, S.F. Gary and C. Böning, 2009.  Interior pathways of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation.  Nature, 458, 243-247. doi: 10.1038/nature07979
  • Yashayaev, I., and J.W. Loder, 2009. Enhanced production of Labrador Sea Water in 2008, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L01606, doi:10.1029/2008GL036162, (published online November 2008).


  • Yashayaev, I., 2007. Hydrographic changes in the Labrador Sea, 1960-2005, Prog. Oceanogr., 73 (3-4), 242-276.
  • Yashayaev, I., N.P. Holliday, M. Bersch and H.M. van Aken, 2008. The history of the Labrador Sea Water: production, spreading, transformation and loss, in Arctic-SubArctic Ocean Fluxes, edited by R.R. Dickson, J. Meincke and P. Rhines, pp. 569-612, Springer, Dordecht, Netherlands.
  • Yashayaev, I., and R.R. Dickson, 2008. Transformation and fate of overflows in the northern North Atlantic. In Arctic-SubArctic Ocean Fluxes, edited by R.R. Dickson, J. Meincke and P. Rhines, pp. 505-526, Springer, Dordecht, Netherlands.  
  • Yashayaev, I., N.P. Holliday, M. Bersch and H.M. van Aken, 2008. The history of the Labrador Sea Water: production, spreading, transformation and loss. In Arctic-SubArctic Ocean Fluxes, edited by R.R. Dickson, J. Meincke and P. Rhines, pp. 569-612, Springer, Dordecht, Netherlands.

Prior to 2008

  • Yashayaev, I., 2007. Hydrographic changes in the Labrador Sea, 1960-2005. Progress in Oceanography, 73 (3-4), 242-276.  
  • Yashayaev, I., M. Bersch, and H. M. van Aken, 2007. Spreading of the Labrador Sea Water to the Irminger and Iceland basins. Geophysical  Research Letters, 34, L10602, doi:10.1029/2006GL028999  
  • Yashayaev, I., H. M. van Aken, N. P. Holliday, and M. Bersch, 2007. Transformation of the Labrador Sea Water in the subpolar North Atlantic, Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L22605, doi:10.1029/2007GL031812.  
  • Lazier, J., R. Hendry, A. Clarke, I. Yashayaev, and P. Rhines, 2002. Convection and restratification in the Labrador Sea, 1990-2000. Deep-Sea Research I, 49, 1819-1835. 


*Publications resulting specifically from OSNAP research.